It is important to understand how women experience and respond to trauma since they are now serving in combat roles, especially in regards to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Military.com reports.
Women are very likely to experience trauma in their lifetime. In fact, studies say about 50 percent of women experience a traumatic event.
Of these women who experience trauma, about 10 percent develop PTSD. In comparison, about 4 percent of men develop PTSD.
Women are more susceptible to the development of PTSD for a variety of likely reasons. Studies hypothesize the main reason may be sexual assault.
Sexual assault is a traumatic experience that is more likely to cause the development of PTSD, and more likely to be experienced by women.
Additionally, women may be more likely to develop PTSD because they are more likely to blame themselves than men.
The psychological symptoms of PTSD are mainly the same between men and women, but there are some differences in how those symptoms manifest.
Both men and women report issues with flashbacks, avoidance, hyperarousal, and numbing. Women are more likely to experience jumpiness, avoidance, and numbness, while men are more likely to feel angry. Additionally, women are more likely to experience anxiety and depression, while men are more likely to develop substance abuse problems.
More studies are needed to understand the impact of trauma on women, and how women experience PTSD, whether in relation to combat or otherwise.